genus of cichlidae
Genome sequencing and other technologies transformed cichlid taxonomy. They are endemic to eastern and southern Africa. The Texas cichlid (Herichthys cyanoguttatus) is the only cichlid native to the United States. , Cichlids can have maternal, paternal, or biparental care. , Secretive cave-spawning cichlids lay their eggs in caves, crevices, holes, or discarded mollusc shells, frequently attaching the eggs to the roof of the chamber.  In another study, done by Brown and Marshall, they studied the Rainbow Cichlid, Herotilapia multispinosa. Some species eat the offspring of mouthbrooders by head-ramming, wherein the hunter shoves its head into the mouth of a female in order to expel her young and eat them. Molly Fish is the common name of freshwater fish originating from the Poecolia genus, including Poecilia Sphenops and Poecilia Latipinna. (2021): Four new species of Serranochromis (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from the Cuanza and Okavango river systems in Angola, including a preliminary key for the genus.  However, cichlids, at the time of spawning, undergo a behavioral change such that they become less receptive to outside interactions. This can reinforce the jaw morphology and given enough time, create new species. Crenicichla species are stealth-predators that lunge from concealment at passing small fish, while Rhamphochromis species are open-water pursuit predators that chase down their prey. Farmed tilapia production is about 1,500,000 t (1,500,000 long tons; 1,700,000 short tons) annually, with an estimated value of US$1.8 billion, about equal to that of salmon and trout. Buntbarsche (Cichlidae) oder Cichliden sind eine Familie der Knochenfische aus der Gruppe der Barschverwandten (Percomorphaceae).  A ninth subfamily, Ptychochrominae, was later recognized by Sparks and Smith. Cichlids are efficient and often highly specialized feeders that capture and process a very wide variety of food items. A pair of blue rams (Mikrogeophagus ramirezi), male in front, female behind.  In addition to color displays, cichlids employ their lateral lines to sense movements of water around their opponents to evaluate the competing male for physical traits/fitness.  Their diversity in the African Great Lakes is important for the study of speciation in evolution.  They found that there may be evolutionary differences between species of fish that cause them to either create pits or castles when spawning. (There are many hypotheses, but the most likely is: Amphilophus labiatus x Vieja synspillus With a triangular-shaped mouth, an abnormal spine, and an occasionally missing caudal fin (known as the "love heart" parrot cichlid), the fish is controversial among aquarists. These two types of behavior differ not only in the way that they care for their eggs and fry but also how they choose their mates and breeding grounds. Chromis Günther, 1862 (non Cuvier, 1814: preoccupied), Tilapia is a genus of cichlid fishes endemic to freshwater habitats in Southern Africa. The Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm. A juvenile female Maylandia lombardoi with faint stripes, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. 2nd edition. Male and female parents usually engage in differing brooding roles. For example, the piscivorous haplochromines were particularly hard hit with a high number of extinctions, while the zooplanktivorous haplochromines reached densities in 2001 that were similar to before the drastic decline, although consisting of fewer species and with some changes in their ecology. Published 04-Jun-2000. Some have called blood parrot cichlids "the Frankenstein monster of the fish world". Once pre-spawning behaviors started, the body and fins of the fish became more of a gold color. Through phylogenetic analysis, using the mitochondrial ND2 gene, it was hypothesized that the true egg spots evolved in the common ancestor of the Astatoreochromis-lineage and the modern Haplochrominis. Gill rakers are finger-like structures that line the gills of some fish to catch any food that might escape through their gills..  Several species of Tilapia, Sarotherodon, and Oreochromis are euryhaline and can disperse along brackish coastlines between rivers. The female would deposit ~ten eggs at a time, attaching them to the spawning surface which may be a pit constructed on the substrate or another surface. , Cichlids have a great variety of behaviors associated with substrate-brooding, including courtship and parental care alongside the brooding and nest-building behaviors needed for pit-spawning. For example, female Lyretail cichlids (Neolamprologus modabu) will dig at sandy substrate more to push nutritional detritus and zooplankton into the surrounding water. Arnold W (2003) Singapore's 'lucky' pet Luohan can outnumber people in homes. nov. "argens" as extinct in the wild, and six species are listed as entirely extinct, but it is acknowledged that many more possibly belong in these categories (for example, Haplochromis aelocephalus, H. apogonoides, H. dentex, H. dichrourus and numerous other members of the genus Haplochromis have not been seen since the 1980s, but are maintained as Critically Endangered in the small chance that tiny –but currently unknown– populations survive). Buntbarsche ( Cichlidae ) result are agonistic, while an encounter between a male ( front, behind! Apistogramma spp transferred and the 15th anniversary of FishBase and the pits were beginning to associated... Bred to develop ornamental aquarium strains the Asian cichlids consist of a cichlid... 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