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isaiah 9:7 hebrew

Of the increase H4766 of his government H4951 and peace H7965 there shall be no end, H7093 upon the throne H3678 of David, H1732 and upon his kingdom, H4467 to order H3559 it, and to establish H5582 it with judgment H4941 and with justice H6666 from henceforth even for H5704 ever. Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool. Perhaps the translator’s text was garbled or damaged, or misread by the translator, or some combination of these. Finally, the Latin Vulgate translation of Jerome, dating to circa 400 A.D., gives a good, close translation of the traditional Hebrew text of these verses. Abi-ad (“Eternal father” or “father of eternity”) calls forth a declaration of Messiah as one “who lives forever,” based in part also on Psalm 72:17, and as was mentioned and believed by Jesus’ contemporaries in John 12:34. Isaiah 8 Isaiah 10. [Isaiah 7:14] Christ shall be born in the fulness of time, as sure as if he were born already. (That the Hebrew word almah in Isaiah 7:14 does mean “virgin,” see “Isaiah 7:14 and the Virgin Birth,” AISI 12:7, July 2009). For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. There are several other OT declarations of the Messiah’s Deity in the prophets (among them Jeremiah 23:6 and Zechariah 12:10). 9:7 To the increase of the princely power, And of peace, there is no end, On the throne of David, and on his kingdom, To establish it, and to support it, In judgment and in righteousness, Henceforth, even unto the age, The zeal of Jehovah of Hosts doth this. He shall be great, and shall be called son of the Highest, and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David. Nevertheless, that time of darkness and despair will not go on forever. Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Ghost shall come …. Isaiah Chapter 9 יְשַׁעְיָהוּ. And, be it noted that we know how the three now-mostly-lost Jewish LXX revisions made in the 2nd century A.D.—those of Aquila, Symmachus and Theodotion (which together occupied three of the six columns of the Hexapla)—translated this verse. Swete gives their translations, as preserved in the margin of manuscript Q, in his notes to v. 5 [6] (which see). Hebrew OT - Transliteration - Holy Name KJV Yeshaiyah / Isaiah 9. It is commonly inserted into the translation to avoid anthropomorphisms and anthropopathisms (here substituted for “zeal”—a decidedly “human” emotion) or direct contact between God and man, and at times is essentially an intermediary between them. The revised “Septuagint” insertion agrees quite closely with Aquila’s rendering, and only slightly less so with Theodotion, and Symmachus, all of which to varying degrees improve on what the LXX here left so poor. Pele is a noun from the Hebrew root pl’ which carries the basic significance, “to be extraordinary, wondrous, mysterious, inscrutable, unfathomable.” A related word is nifla’ot (actually a niphal feminine plural participle from the root pl’) which is one of the OT words for “miracles,” indicating the wonder or amazement such events provoke in those who observe them. In this, the Messiah will be without peer. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1949, p. 32). (Luke 4:22a), And so it happened, when Jesus had finished [speaking] these words, the crowds were amazed at what He taught, because He had been teaching them as one who possessed authority, and not as their scribes did. But let us briefly deal with all eight terms involved in the “name” of the Messiah here: Pele yoetz. Of Old Testament prophecies of the birth of the Messiah, among the most famous and well-known (in part because Handel included its words in his magnum opus, ”The Messiah”) is Isaiah 9:6, 7 (numbered 9:5, 6 in the Masoretic Hebrew text, the Septuagint Greek version and in German and some other translations). Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end. Some radical critics have adopted this understanding (which requires no change in the vowel as pointed by the Masoretes). Targum Jonathan to Isaiah is much more interpretive and much less literal that the Targum Onkelos to the Torah, or Targum Jonathan to the Former Prophets (the historical books Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings), and this inclination to paraphrase is evident in our text. Isaiah 9:6-7 New King James Version (NKJV) 6 For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. # In Hebrew texts 9:1 is numbered 8:23, and 9:2-21 is numbered 9:1-20. Why consult the dead on behalf of the living? If anyone does not speak according to this word, they have no light of … Isaiah chapters 7 through 12 are all a connected unit presenting a progressive series of Messianic prophecies. Next » Chapter 10. No doubt other manuscripts read the same. Taken together, these identify the Messianic king as “a wonder of a counselor,” that is, “a wondrous” or “amazing” advisor. The R339 zeal of the … The LORD All-Powerful will make certain that all of this is done. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. For the multiplying of his authority and for his peace there is no end. Pele is evidently (in spite of the Masoretic accents) in Isaiah 9:6 “in construct” with the word that follows, literally “(a) wonder of …”. Listen to this Chapter in Hebrew. The zeal of the LORD of Hosts will accomplish this. That the prophetic person in view in these chapters is of the house of David is implied (7:13) or expressly declared (9:7; 11:1), excluding any of Isaiah’s children—or any other child not of the Davidic line—as the fulfillment, and also naturally leading to the identification of the one conceived, born and reigning as the promised Davidic Messiah. For a CHILD IS BORN to us, and a son is given to us, and the government is upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called, Wonderful, Counsellor, God the Mighty, Father of the world to come (or, the future age), the Prince of Peace. With so much content of surpassing importance regarding the coming Messiah in these verses, it is somewhat surprising to discover that Isaiah 9:6, 7 are nowhere directly quoted in the NT. (Luke 2:47), And all were giving testimony about Him and were amazed at the gracious words which went out of His mouth. word] of the Lord of hosts shall this be wrought. is similar enough to the Hebrew avi-ad sar shalom to be a misreading or mis-writing of them. unto us a son. He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and... Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end. 6, 7 reads: For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given. Paul, perhaps consciously echoing Micah, wrote, “For He Himself [i.e., Jesus] is our peace,” (Ephesians 2:14). John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelled among us, (and we beheld his glory…. Christmas . Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin …. Of the increase of his government there shall be no end.] In its present form, it dates to several centuries after the time of Christ, but no doubt had it roots at least as early as the first century A. D., and perhaps earlier. He has been researching and writing in the area of Bible texts and versions for more than 35 years. Verse 7 declares further that the peace the Messiah’s rule brings will never be interrupted. What does this verse really mean? Use the scale on the left to tell how often the verses below are googled compared to each other. Being joined with a noun in construct (i.e., avi) means this word must be a noun, but even at that, there are at least three possibilities: ‘ed, “witness,” with the resulting phrase meaning “father of witness,” i.e., “one who gives testimony.” That is not how the Masoretes understood it or pointed it, nor did any of the ancient translations read it thus. Isaiah 9:7. “Prince of peace,” that is, a prince or ruler who brings peace, whose rule is characterized by peace, another great desideratum for the rule of any monarch, though such is in actuality an earthly rarity (all too truly did George Santayana write, “Only the dead have seen the end of war”). Thus 9:2-21 in the English Bible = 9:1-20 in the Hebrew text. Isaiah 9:6-7. Finally, ‘ad can be—and has historically been—understood as a noun meaning “perpetuity” or “the future” and so the “father of the future” would mean “eternal father.”. The Douay OT English version of the Vulgate by Gregory Martin as revised by Richard Challoner in the 18th century gives an accurate English translation of Jerome’s Latin (I place my alternative renderings in parentheses, and italicize any words in the English version not found in the Latin)—. 8 The Lord said to me, “Take a large scroll and write on it with an ordinary pen: Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz.” 2 So I called in Uriah the priest and Zechariah son of Jeberekiah as reliable witnesses for me. The zeal of the Lord the mighty one did this. It is immediately evident that these latter two Christian translations, the Peshitta Syriac and the Latin Vulgate, both made from the Hebrew text (though no doubt with consultation of the Septuagint and likely other Greek versions) more faithfully render this passage, especially the latter part of v. 6, than did the pre-Christian Septuagint on the one hand, and the paraphrastic, interpretive Targum Jonathan on the other. Bible > Isaiah > Chapter 9 > Verse 7 He will establish and uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time onward and forevermore. He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time … Clarke's Isaiah 9:7 Bible Commentary Of the increase - In the common Hebrew Bibles, and in many MSS., this word is written with the close or final למרבה ם. NIV 7 Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end. Possibility, even perhaps a probability the living said to her, the reference is to source... Himself shall give you a sign ; Behold, a virgin … in... David a Savior, which opposes KJVOism added ] 7:14 Therefore the Lord hosts. Praedatio cum tumultu et vestimentum mixtum sanguine erit in conbustionem et cibus ignis the area of Bible and... Of hosts will do this name KJV Yeshaiyah / Isaiah 9 angel answered and said her!, unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given literally ( except “. 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