robert muldoon facts
 The announcement was made by the Queen at the end of her tour of New Zealand on 7 March 1977, from the Royal Yacht HMY Britannia in Lyttelton Harbour.. Muldoon, along with Duncan MacIntyre and Peter Gordon who entered parliament in the same year, became known as the "Young Turks" because of their criticism of the party's senior leadership.  Lady Muldoon, who died at age 87 in 2015, was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1993 New Year Honours and made a Companion of the Queen's Service Order in the 1986 New Year Honours. Kirk was replaced as Prime Minister by Bill Rowling shortly afterwards. – Balance of payments – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand", "Story: National Party Page 2 – Consensus and division", "Signing of CER agreement strengthens trans-Tasman trade ties", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZLDve40cxlk, "New Zealand's prime minister denies that knighthood marks sunset of his career", "Australian leadership becomes a toxic waste dump", "Story: Muldoon, Robert David Page 9 Final battles", "Parliamentary Conscience Votes Database – Robert Muldoon", Muldoon's Corner work set to begin 31 August – Local News – Wairarapa Times-Age, Conquering the road that scared me « Moon over Martinborough, "Muldoon's $16m corner opens after three years", "Piha Surf Life Saving Club – Guardians of the Iron Sands", "US media compares Robert Muldoon to Trump", Archives New Zealand – Robert Muldoon Official Biography, Premiers and prime ministers of New Zealand, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Muldoon&oldid=995386547, Members of the New Zealand House of Representatives, New Zealand Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, People educated at Mount Albert Grammar School, New Zealand members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, New Zealand military personnel of World War II, New Zealand Members of the Order of the Companions of Honour, Unsuccessful candidates in the 1957 New Zealand general election, Unsuccessful candidates in the 1954 New Zealand general election, New Zealand politicians awarded knighthoods, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles needing additional references from April 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Muldoon was frequently lampooned in the TVNZ-produced satire show, Two further documentaries about Muldoon were, A corner on the Rimutaka Hill Road section of, Muldoon's policies and style have been compared to US President, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 19:24. The "Muldoon Years" were to feature Muldoon's obstinate and resourceful attempts to maintain New Zealand's "cradle to the grave" welfare state, dating from 1935, in the face of a changing world. The Iranian Revolution had led to the second oil shock of 1979. Robert Muldoon and the "dancing Cossacks" featured in a famous 1975 National campaign ad. Sir Robert David Muldoon GCMG CH PC (/mʌlˈduːn/; 25 September 1921 – 5 August 1992) was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand, from 1975 to 1984, while Leader of the National Party. Muldoon had remained National's Finance spokesman when he became party leader, and as a result became Minister of Finance as well as Prime Minister—thus concentrating enormous power in his hands. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He continued to write in international economic journals, arguing that the unemployment that had arisen as a result of the free market reforms was worse than the gains that were made, a view that came to be popular by the time of the Fifth Labour Government in 1999. Colonial secretary Index.  This dam was described to symbolise "fortress New Zealand.". He became Leader of the Opposition in 1974 and soon led the National Party to a decisive victory in the 1975 general election. The Think Big projects were a major part of Muldoon's legacy. , In response to this crisis, Muldoon introduced mini-budgets instead of annual budgets, the first being presented on 4 May 1967. , Muldoon remained as the MP for Tamaki until shortly before his death. , The Dawn Raids were widely condemned by various sections of New Zealand society, including the Pacific Islander and Māori communities, church groups, employers and workers' unions, anti-racist groups, and the opposition Labour Party. He was, by profession, an accountant. , Ultimately, the end of Muldoon's government came following a late-night clash with National backbencher Marilyn Waring over highly contentious Opposition-sponsored nuclear-free New Zealand legislation, in which Waring told him she would cross the floor (giving the Opposition a victory). In 1980, the National government also expelled the Soviet Ambassador, Vsevolod Sofinski, for providing funding to the SUP. , As Prime Minister, Muldoon had the sole right to advise Queen Elizabeth II on whom to appoint as Governor-General.  He displayed a flair for the newly introduced medium of television (broadcasts began in New Zealand in 1960). It is in the context of the statement made by a Labour Prime Minister of New Zealand in 1939: "Where Britain goes, we go."  Muldoon was heavily defeated by David Lange's resurgent Labour Party, which won 56 seats to National's 37 with massive vote splitting caused by the New Zealand Party in particular. Muldoon famously declared upon becoming Prime Minister that he hoped to leave New Zealand "no worse off than I found it".  The Leader of the Opposition, Bill Rowling complained that he had not been consulted on the appointment, and then stated that he would act to remove Holyoake as Governor-General should the Labour Party win the 1978 general election. A final controversy occurred during the course of the election and transfer of government: during early 1984 Roderick Deane, then Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, became concerned that the New Zealand dollar (which had a fixed exchange-rate to the US dollar) had become significantly overvalued and was vulnerable to currency speculation on the financial markets in the event of a "significant political event". Muldoon felt that the dissolution would be immediate, and he would later introduce a bill in parliament to retroactively make the abolition legal. Therefore the law could be amended or suspended only by Parliament or with the authority of Parliament. Muldoon served successively as Minister of Tourism (1967), Minister of Finance (1967–1972), and Deputy Prime Minister (1972). Following the re-election of Holyoake's government at the 1963 general election, Muldoon was appointed as Under-Secretary to the Minister of Finance, Harry Lake. For the Jurassic Park character, see, "Bob Muldoon" redirects here. The 1979 budget introduced incentives for the conversions, and New Zealand emerged as the first country to make dual-fuel cars commonplace. View the profiles of professionals named "Robert Muldoon" on LinkedIn. ", Robert David Muldoon was born in Auckland on 25 September 1921 to parents James Henry Muldoon and Amie Rusha Muldoon (née Browne). Sir Robert David Muldoon GCMG CH PC was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand, from 1975 to 1984, while Leader of the National Party. He is buried at Purewa Cemetery, Meadowbank, Auckland in a plot that faces Auckland City. , Muldoon established a considerable national profile rapidly; Holyoake would later credit his image, rather than that of his deputy, Jack Marshall, for the National Party's surprise victory in the 1969 election.  The Federation of Labour's President Jim Knox, who Muldoon did not get along with, refused to co-operate. Robert Muldoon is Jurassic Park's game warden from Kenya. Muldoon responded to these conditions with generally conservative financial policies that included the flexible use of tax cuts, industrial incentives, subsidies, import duties, and other devices in an effort to fine-tune the economy and achieve balanced growth without undue inflation.  While holding this office, he took responsibility for the successful introduction of decimal currency into New Zealand. Patrick Muldoon is an actor and musician. , One of Muldoon's first actions was to issue a press release stating that he would advise the Governor-General to abolish Labour's superannuation scheme without new legislation. The most common robert muldoon … This resulted in other social policy programs, particularly education, being deprived of funds during this period.  Muldoon's government accelerated and increased the Kirk government's police raids against Pacific overstayers. Therefore, Muldoon's actions were not only illegal, but unconstitutional, as they violated the rule of law and the sovereignty of parliament.  He returned to New Zealand after the war as the country's first fully qualified cost accountant, having worked in a chartered accountancy firm in the United Kingdom for a year.. We live at the end of the line and we know the feeling of isolation...With the Falklands Islands, it is family. A month before the general election Muldoon remained the preferred Prime Minister, though his support slipped from 60% to 48% while Rowling's rose 8 points to 38%. He has published over thirty collections and won a Pulitzer Prize for Poetry and the T. S. Eliot Prize.He held the post of Oxford Professor of Poetry from 1999 to 2004. Holyoake appointed Muldoon as Minister of Tourism and Associate Minister of Finance 12 months later. He claimed that the Labour government's immigration policies had contributed to the economic recession and undermined the "New Zealand way of life" by causing a housing shortage. In his first term (1975–1978) Muldoon focused on reducing expenditure, but struggled with the growing cost of his own superannuation scheme, partly due to the many tax rebates and exemptions he passed for lower income earners. Updates?  This left Muldoon's mother to raise him on her own. After being defeated in the ballot Muldoon was asked whether he was going to be a thorn in McLay's side, to which he replied "More like a little prick. Research genealogy for Robert Gilmour Muldoon of East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, , Scotland, as well as other members of the Muldoon family, on Ancestry®. During the television programme Gallery in the later 1960s, he also rebuked left-leaning clergymen who had criticised apartheid in South Africa for failing to oppose Soviet communism. Patrick was given the name William Patrick Muldoon III on September 27th, 1968 in San Pedro, California, US. In 1960, an electoral swing brought Keith Holyoake back to power as Prime Minister of the Second National Government.  He was only the second New Zealand Prime Minister (after Sir Keith Holyoake) to receive a knighthood while still in office.. Robert Muldoon did ‘Think Big’ in the 1970s and 1980s, leading to wasteful spending and environmentally degrading projects. Economic policies of the Muldoon Government included national superannuation, wage and price freezes, industrial incentives, and the Think Big industrial projects.  Many projects had severe budget overruns of as much as ten times their expected costs. Robert Muldoon was Prime Minister of New Zealand for nine years from 1975, including those made turbulent by high inflation in the late 1970s. " Ultimately Muldoon, as a member of the executive branch, was acting beyond his prescribed powers, as only parliament has the power to make and unmake laws.  Muldoon had to be persuaded not to make the Springbok Tour an issue in the election, and the National Party's campaign instead focused on Think Big. Granted, they released familiar faces with bizarre weapons, such as Dr. Grant with bola launcher and Robert Muldoon with a “tranq-bazooka,” but eventually, they needed new blood. A populist, he promised to lead "a Government of the ordinary bloke.  However, in May 1979 he attempted to increase tax revenue by levying 10% to 20% taxes on a wide range of goods, including petrol, lawnmowers, caravans and boats. In foreign policy, Muldoon adopted an anti-Soviet stance and re-emphasised New Zealand's defence commitments to the United States and Australia under the ANZUS pact.  The Muldoon government's treatment of overstayers also damaged relations with Pacific countries like Samoa and Tonga, and generated criticism from the South Pacific Forum. Following the loss of the East Coast Bays by-election, Muldoon faced an abortive attempt in October–November 1980 to oust him as leader. Alienated from National and disenchanted with government policy, Muldoon announced his resignation to the party caucus on 10 November 1991.. Marshall fought the 1972 election on a slogan of "Man For Man, The Strongest Team" – an allusion to Marshall's own low-key style, particularly compared to his deputy. During the 1975 general elections, the National Party had played a controversial electoral advertisement that was later criticized for stoking negative racial sentiments about Polynesian migrants.  A by-election was held in February 1992, and was won by National's Clem Simich on a reduced majority. , The Holyoake government was again re-elected at the 1966 general election. Magi, in Christian tradition, the noble pilgrims ‘from the East’ who followed a miraculous guiding star to Bethlehem, where they paid homage to the infant Jesus as king of the Jews. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Professing a belief that politics should not interfere with sport, Muldoon resisted pressure to bar the 1981 tour by the Springboks, the national rugby union squad of apartheid-era South Africa. In 1982, Muldoon's government supported the British in the Falklands War. 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